Pastiche vs Fanfiction: The Debate That Wouldn’t Die

A few years ago, I wrote a piece laying out my viewpoint that pastiche is anything Sherlock Holmes-themed that is faithful to Doyle’s characters. Since then, my opinion has evolved and changed. I’m going to re-articulate it.

Just today, I Hear of Sherlock Everywhere published this piece, which does a great job of explaining the viewpoint that pastiche should be a word reserved only for works that directly imitate Doyle’s storytelling style. (By that definition, as a reader and book reviewer, I personally prefer Holmes-themedworks that are not pastiche about a million times more than most of those that are, but that’s a topic for another time.)

I don’t have a massive quarrel with IHOSE’s definition–technically. The problem is, words are not used in a vacuum, especially not in fandom. Somebody has to decide which works are “enough like Doyle” or “trying hard enough to be like Doyle” or “traditional enough” to warrant the word. Works that “fail” someone’s subjective test are, all-too-often, relegated to second-class status: In other words, fanfiction. This is the ugly little secret, and I’ve been seeing it happen ever since I entered the Sherlock Holmes world as an adult.

Let’s make one thing crystal clear. All pastiche is fanfiction. Breathe into a paper bag and repeat: All pastiche is fanfiction. Anything written by a fan of something, inspired by that something, is, by definition, fanfiction. There is nothing inherently negative, suggestive of low quality, or second class about fanfiction. It’s been around for hundreds of years and will continue to be for the foreseeable future.

Fanfiction is a perfectly good word, and pastiche, however you choose to define it, is a perfectly good word. The problem is, human beings have a nasty habit of taking perfectly good words and giving them very problematic contexts, contexts meant to exclude and shame others.

This is what I’ve seen happen over and over with the pastiche vs. fanfiction issue. (To be clear, I am not saying everyone who espouses the use of the word “pastiche” is prejudiced or intolerant. Many are lovely. However, the culture of exclusion around the term is one I’ve observed repeatedly for years.)

Fandom context means that pastiche, as much as we’d like it to be, isn’t just a technical term for a type of fanfiction. All too often, it’s an in-word, a word used to describe what some consider to be the only “right” way to express creativity in the Sherlock Holmes world. Sure, there’s a catchall category for what those “other people” (often times young people, people of different gender, millennials, people of the Internet generation) create, but it’s not high and mighty pastiche. That word is only for the works of correct people, who write what they’re supposed to write.

Frankly, I’m tired of it. If I had my druthers, we’d call it all fanfiction and stop acting like “fan” and “fandom” are only words that apply to new enthusiasts, instead of being really broad words that have open arms to welcome all who are enthusiastic about something, regardless of age or duration of interest or any other factor.

Some of us write fanfiction that is published and sold. Others of us write fanfiction that we kindly share with the world free of charge. Still others write fanfiction that is only for our own eyes and enjoyment. It’s all creative. It’s all part of the Holmesian experience, and none of it deserves to be categorically excluded. (Of course we all have opinions about what we prefer or what is better and worse, but that has to do with personal taste and preference, not excluding entire categories of creativity because they don’t fit our mold.)

I know it’s not going to happen. Pastiche is not going to disappear as a word, and I’ll probably still use it in certain contexts, even though I wish fanfiction would suffice. But honestly? Please form your own opinion. This post is not intended to feed into the idea that there’s one right way to think about fandom concepts or a correct way to be creative.

If someone says to you, with that trademark disdain in their voice, “That’s not pastiche; that’s fanfiction,” smile at them and say, “Thank you. That’s an amazing compliment.” Because it is. Fanfiction is awesome, and when you create it, you’re awesome too.

Originally posted at Girl Meets Sherlock.


amybioAmy Thomas is one of the Baker Street Babes and one of the review team. Have something you’d like her to review? Email her at

A knitting fiend and book reviewer with a degree in professional communication, who recently had my first Sherlock Holmes novel, The Detective and The Woman, published by MX Publishing.

Pastiche vs Fanfiction: The Debate That Wouldn’t Die

A few years ago, I wrote a piece laying out my viewpoint that pastiche is anything Sherlock Holmes-themed that is faithful to Doyle’s characters. Since then, my opinion has evolved and changed. I’m going to re-articulate it. Just today, I Hear of Sherlock Everywhere published this piece, which does a great job of explaining the viewpoint… Read More »

Femme Friday: Effie Munro and Lucy Hebron

The Yellow Face: Effie Munro and Her Daughter Lucy Hebron By BSB Amy                 “The Yellow Face,” along with several other canonical Holmes stories, presents unavoidable difficulties for modern readers. In fact, at a recent convention, my fellow panelist suggested that this story should never even be printed. Before I get into the specifics of… Read More »

Femme Friday: Molly Hooper

Molly Hooper By BSB Amy Long, straight hair, lipstick that comes and goes, and an ironically macabre career—exploring unassuming but totally awesome Molly Hooper is a journey that starts with specific stories framed by the creators of the BBC’s Sherlock, finds its anchor in the Sherlock Holmes canon as a whole, and winds up the wider genre of… Read More »

Book Review: Jewel of the Thames

 Jewel of the Thames By Angela Misri Reviewed by Amy Thomas, The Baker Street Babes I’m a happy book reviewer. A lot of times, when I review Holmesian literature, I come out with one of two perspectives: Either a book is a respectable pastiche but lags or is stilted in writing style, or it’s entertainingly… Read More »

Episode 54: The Detective, The Woman and The Silent Hive

[LISTEN] | [DOWNLOAD] (Save Link As) —————————————— BSB Amy has a new book! Silent Hive is a new story about Sherlock Holmes and Irene Adler that ties into Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s original story “The Five Orange Pips.” We chat to her about what it’s like having three pastiches out, a LOT about The Five Orange… Read More »

Canon Thursday: Desert Island Holmes Top 5

 You’re marooned on a desert island, and you can only take five Sherlock Holmes stories with you. Regardless of length (novel or short story) and original publication chronology, which five stories would you bring along to be your companions and why? (Keep in mind that if you meet a friendly native, these five stories will… Read More »

Review: The Lighter Side of Sherlock Holmes

The Lighter Side of Sherlock Holmes: The Sherlockian Artwork of Norman Schatell Reviewed by Amy Thomas The Baker Street Babes As an art lover, I derive special joy from visiting museums like the Met in New York or the National Gallery. There’s a somewhat impish part of me, however, that takes more than a little… Read More »

Review: The Amateur Executioner

The Amateur Executioner By Dan Andriacco and Kieran McMullen Reviewed by Amy Thomas The Baker Street Babes  The new collaborative novel by two seasoned Sherlock Holmes novelists is a rare type of book for me to review, since it does not directly star Sherlock Holmes. Instead, the world’s greatest detective has a prominent supporting role… Read More »

Review: Sherlock Holmes and the Case of the Crystal Blue Bottle

Sherlock Holmes and the Case of The Crystal Blue Bottle By Luke Benjamin Kuhns et al. Reviewed by Amy Thomas The Baker Street Babes   Graphic novels—throughout my life, they’ve been on the periphery of my consciousness, something I appreciate as an art form and sometimes leaf through in the bookstore, but rarely something I… Read More »

221B Con Round-Up!

221B Con happened the weekend of April 12th in Atlanta, GA. It was the inaugural con of all things Sherlock Holmes and was a wild success. We were lucky to be invited as guests and decided to film some footage of the weekend for all attendees to cherish in the years to come. Enjoy! Above… Read More »